CARE is an International NGO working in Somalia. CARE and its partners work with vulnerable communities to address the underlying causes of poverty, promoting peace and development, by supporting sustainable livelihood and economic development initiative programmes, strengthening civil societies, responding to emergencies, and advocating for policy change.
The Puntland State of Somalia is in the midst of momentous political, social and economic transformation since its leaders declared the territory an autonomous region in 1998. The region has managed to maintain relative peace and security in recent years, which has enabled it to establish political and administrative institutions, basic social services, an active civil society, and a growing private enterprise community. In addition, much progress has been made in the education sector in the last few years. Despite these improvements, educational provision, participation and completion in Puntland are among the lowest in the world. The Gross Enrolment Rate (GER) for primary and secondary education as per the Ministry of Education and Higher Education (MoEHE) latest EMIS data stands at 32.1% (Boys:35.26%; Girls:28.8%) and12.2% (Boys:16.1%; Girls:9.1%) respectively.
The major challenges experienced in the education sector still relates to weak institutional and technical capacity leading to poor service delivery as well as limited oversight. Weaknesses are evident in particular in Higher Education (HE); inadequate database for policy formulation, monitoring and performance evaluation; low access to quality, relevant and equitable education exists at all levels as well as limited pedagogical skills and the availability of teachers, especially in rural and nomadic areas.
It is against these backdrop that a consortium comprising of CARE and Save the Children are implementing the three-year EU-funded Waxbarashadu Waa Iftiin IV (Education is Light IV) project to address the challenges in close coordination, support and guidance of the MoEHE in Puntland. The project aims to contribute to a sustainable, cohesive education system offering relevant services to the majority of children, youth and adults including vulnerable groups in Puntland and specifically strengthens the delivery of effective primary Education (PE) including special needs, Secondary Education (SE), Accelerated Basic Education (ABE), Technical Vocational Education & Training (TVET, Non Formal Education (NFE), education services addressing the populations priority needs.
Through this ToR, the consortium in close coordination with MOEHE is planning for a baseline of the three-year project (scheduled to end in June 2025) to inform the fourth phase of the project, as well as to serve as a mapping for the target institutions.
Waxbarashadu Waa Iftiin (Education Is Light) Phase IV
CARE and its partners received the fourth funding for Waxbarashadu Waa Iftiin project phase IV (See Annex 1 for an overview of the project’s outcomes, intermediate outcomes, outputs and associated indicators as well key activities under each output) from the European Union. The overall project objective is “Improve the educational attainment and the employability of relevant target groups”. The specific objects are ‘The governance, quality, relevance and inclusiveness of education and training sector are improved’. The project has three result areas namely:
There will be a seamless implementation of project activities from phase three to phase four of the project. Therefore, Waxbarashadu Waa Iftiin phase IV baseline information will be required.
The Waxbarashadu Waa Iftiin phase IV is seeking to procure the services of a consultant to conduct mixed-methods, gender-sensitive baseline that is inclusive of persons with disabilities and other marginalised sub-groups within the targeted population. The baseline will establish baseline values for relevant project indicators and enable subsequent midterm and endline evaluations to assess and establish the results of the project at outcome, intermediate outcome and impact levels. The baseline of phase foure project should therefore be inclusive by having full participation of the project staff and stakeholders.
Specific objectives of the baseline:
The Waxbarashadu Waa Iftiin Phase IV program will implement activities in Puntland State of Somalia, all regions: Bari, Cayn, Gardafuu, Hayland, Karkaar, Mudug, Nugal, Sanaag and Sool regions. The baseline will involve a visit to schools selected based on discussions with MOEHE, communities, development partners, including non-government organizations and the private school umbrellas.
3.1. Expected Tasks
The consultant will receive technical supervision and guidance from the Consortium Coordinator, Monitoring and Evaluation Manager and CARE Nederland Senior project Officer and will be accountable to CARE and the MoEHE for quality results and to the Monitoring and Evaluation Manger (CARE), for timely delivery of these. The consultant will be required to conduct the following tasks:
Project deliverables: the main deliverables for this assignment are as follows:
The baseline will use a mixed-method, complexity-aware and inclusive approach. The quantitative component is expected to use a combination of primary data collected through individual-level (school principals; CEC members; household surveys; teachers) and institutional level (school and MoEHE/REO/DEO) surveys; and secondary data obtained through EMIS and other sources. The consultant will determine representative sample sizes for respondent groups, adequately powered to identify the actual status before implementation begins. Quantitative data will be triangulated with qualitative data obtained from a variety of stakeholder groups through key informant interviews and focus group discussions. It is expected that the triangulation of quantitative and qualitative data will allow the program to better understand unexpected patterns in quantitative results, as well as to explore the motivations/ interests of stakeholders and the challenges and opportunities for the design and implementation of activities. Where appropriate, the program will coordinate with the MoEHE and development partners through the JRES and Education Cluster (particularly those implementing similar projects or those which are carrying out longitudinal tracking of beneficiaries) to obtain secondary data for triangulation, comparison and validation of results, allowing for a comprehensive analysis of the trends in the education system, and to identify emerging issues and gaps.
An in-depth approach to data analysis is required. The statistical analysis of the quantitative component is expected to identify factors influencing program outcomes, thus establishing relationships between different variables and the outcomes of interest, as well as validating or challenging assumptions about the status of access and institutions infrastructures needs in the region. It is expected that qualitative data will be analysed using emerging codes, thus allowing for identification of unanticipated factors/patterns. Extensive triangulation of qualitative and quantitative data will be required for validation of results and in-depth understanding of the effects observed. Findings should be disaggregated at multiple levels, including but not limited to sex, disability, location, type of school, IDP/non-IDP condition and where relevant, most prevalent community livelihood (such as pastoralism, agro-pastoralism, agriculture).
4.1. Literature review
Literature review will involve a study of various project and MoEHE documents including literature from other sources about the status of education in Puntland. The consultants will also be provided with the following key documents for review and background information: the WWI III Log-frame (Annex 1), Project Proposal (Annex 2), Project Funding Contract between CARE and EC (Annex 3),WWI II final evaluation report (Annex 4) plus any other document considered necessary for this exercise.
4.2. Data collection
Quantitative methods using structured questionnaires and ‘School fact establishment tools’ will be used to establish quantitative benchmarks in the Phase IV logframe. Focus Group Discussions, Individual questioning with a scientific representation of all the stakeholders will be used to collect detailed qualitative information. It is expected that the consultant will come up with innovative ways of combining the various research tools and methodologies to get the right and accurate information.
During the study, the consultant will interview all the stakeholders including targeted beneficiary communities, students, Ministry of Education/regional education authorities, Community Education Committees, School children, teachers, head teachers and staff of implementing consortium partners (CARE and SAVE), men/women groups, religious leaders, opinion leaders, women leaders, CARE staff in the field and other actors including Local and International NGOs in the region.
4.3. Sampling Design and Procedure
The 9 regions in the project areas will form the sample frame. Both simple random and purposive sampling will be used to determine the sample population based on the consensus reached between the Lead Agency, the Consortium members and the MOEHE. Simple random sampling will be applied at school level to select teachers, students, and parents, while purposive sampling will be applied to select the head teachers, centre managers, CECs and schools where the needs.
4.4. Data Collection Instruments
CARE will share previous data collection instruments that were used to capture qualitative data at phase III baseline. The instruments include: semi-structured interview questionnaires; one- on-one personalized in-depth interview questionnaires for key informants; focus group discussions (FGDs) with discussion guidelines; institutional fact establishment sheets. The questionnaires will be administered to the respondents, while Institutional fact establishment sheets will be used to collect specific quantitative and qualitative facts at the sampled institutions, including physical and non-physical facilities, enrolment, teacher establishment, etc.
After the baseline, the consultant(s) is expected to do a debriefing with the consortium partners and project staff on the ground and incorporate their relevant inputs. The consultant(s) should then prepare a draft report and make a presentation to CARE (lead agency)/other consortium partners and EC delegation in Nairobi for their inputs after which they should prepare the final report. Both draft and final report should have a power point summary not exceeding 20 slides. The main text of the baseline report should be presented using Arial font 11 and not exceed 50 pages inclusive of Annexes. The Executive Summary in the main report should not be more than five pages with fully cross-referenced findings and recommendations. In addition, a short, separate summary of one page should be provided during the presentation of the final report.
The consultants/Consulting firm needs to produce five well bound hard copies of the final report and soft copies of all the reports sent electronically to a list of recipients in the consortium to be provided. The electronic soft copies should be in Adobe Acrobat and MS Word.
The consultants/consulting firm should be experienced and have expertise in the following: -
Further, bidders are required to clearly identify and provide CVs for all those proposed in the team, clearly stating their roles and responsibilities for this baseline. The proposed evaluation team should include the technical expertise and practical experience required to deliver the scope of work and baseline outputs**.**
Bidders are required to include in their detailed work plan, the number of days for each milestone set out below.
1. Literature review/Desk Review
2. Preparation of data collection tools, translation into Somali and testing/revision of tools
3. Travel to and from Puntland
4. Training of Enumerators
5. Field data and information collection
6. Data and information analysis
7. Report writing and presentations
8. Validation of the report
9. Incorporating feedback from consortium members into the final report
Duration (Man days): this assignment will be carried out in a total of 21 days.
The Consultants are requested to quote their price for this assignment and to mention when they will be available to carry out this assignment. Due to the urgency of the assignment, time will be of essence in the award of this contract. CARE anticipates to start the assignment on or before 1st Dec 2022.
In support to the consultant to undertake the assignment, CARE Somalia will;
During the period of carrying out this assignment, the consultant will need to establish close coordination arrangements with the Garowe and Satellite offices in Puntland. In particular, the evaluator will be expected to work closely with the Consortium Coordinator, Monitoring and Evaluation Manager, and Project Managers of the consortium partners (SAVE the Children, and CARE). The consultant under this assignment will: -
All documentation related to the assignment shall remain the sole and exclusive property of CARE and the consortium partners.
Applications should be submitted by 20th November 2022. The selection committee will review all applications as they arrive. All applicants must meet the minimum requirements described above, and those unable to meet these requirements will not be considered.
Each application package should include the following:
Applications not including all of the above information will not be reviewed. All applications should be sent toSOM.Consultant@care.org with the subject line, “Application for Education is Light IV baseline Survey.”